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Exploring the Reality of Bad Trips (And How to Avoid Them)

bad trips
in this article
  • Introduction
  • The Myth of Inherent Growth
  • The Spectrum of Challenging Experiences
  • Retraumatization and Unresolved Issues
  • The Importance of Preparation
  • Seeking Professional Guidance
  • Factors Influencing Bad Trips
  • Final Thoughts

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of Chemical Collective or any associated parties.


There is a prevailing belief in the psychedelic world that “there is no such thing as a bad trip”.

However, this phase oversimplifies the complex landscape of psychedelic experiences and has the potential to unwittingly lure people into what could potentially be harmful experiences.

In this article, I’ll explore the realm of bad trips, questioning this common notion and shedding light on why these challenging journeys can be a reality.

I’ll look at the myth of inherent growth, factors that influence bad trips (and how we can use this knowledge to avoid them), and look more deeply at the factors of preparation and the option of professional guidance.

The Myth of Inherent Growth

In the realm of psychedelics, the prevailing belief that every trip, regardless of its nature, contributes to personal growth is a notion that should be challenged. 

While it is true that many psychedelic experiences have the potential to offer profound insights and catalyse transformative change, it is important to recognize that not all journeys lead to positive outcomes. The idea that there are no “bad trips” oversimplifies the complexity of our psyches and bodies, and the myriad ways in which they interact with these powerful substances.

In the depth of an experience, some individuals may find themselves caught in the grip of intense fear, overwhelming anxiety, or a disorienting sense of detachment from reality.

These emotions may not necessarily lead to insights or personal breakthroughs. Instead, they might leave participants struggling with no sense of learning.

Acknowledging the existence of these experiences does not diminish the profound potential of psychedelics to facilitate growth and understanding. Instead, it enriches our understanding of the multifaceted nature of these substances, and highlights the need for a balanced perspective that takes into account both positive and negative experiences. This can help us to understand the importance of harm reduction and proper care as we work with these powerful mind-altering substances.

The Spectrum of Challenging Experiences

Within the landscape of possible experiences with psychedelics, experiences are not easily confined to a simple binary of “good” or “bad.” Instead, they span a nuanced spectrum. While some may more clearly be labelled as ‘good’, if they involve feelings of joy, oneness, and euphoria, there may also be less clearly ‘good’ experiences that are still valuable or helpful, but that may include more challenging emotions such as sadness or fear.

Challenging emotions can show up during a psychedelic trip in a number of ways, and may not always lead to valuable experiences.

In some cases, individuals may find themselves stuck in a negative thought loop, struggling with an overpowering sense of fear, a haunting feeling of paranoia, or a distressing detachment from reality.

It’s important to mention that these challenging experiences do not always come with the profound insights that are often associated with psychedelics. They may not provide the anticipated revelations or personal growth. They can be experienced as an experience to be ‘endured’ and ‘got through’ rather than an experience to be learnt from. Afterwards a valuable useful lesson is not necessarily gifted to the journeyer.
Of course, there may be learnings about how powerful psychedelics are, or how not to take psychedelics, But generally when people seek psychedelic experiences for healing, insight or growth, they are thinking about something deeper and more personal. And unfortunately it is possible to just experience negative emotions without any of these deeper lessons. In some cases some of these negative emotions may be linked to a previous trauma, and this is an important topic for potential explorers to be aware of.

Retraumatization and Unresolved Issues

One of the things psychedelics can do is bring subconscious material from our minds and bring it right up to the surface of the conscious mind. This can bring buried memories and emotions to the surface with intensity. 

Whilst this mechanism and ability of psychedelics is what makes them so powerful, it is also where some of the risks lie. The experience has the potential to rekindle old wounds and amplify any existing emotional issues. In some cases, this can help to gain understanding, process, and ultimately gain some resolution on these issues and heal. In other cases, it may be too much to handle.

For individuals carrying unresolved trauma or emotional scars, the unearthing of these buried fragments can feel overwhelming and distressing.

If the individual is not sufficiently prepared to navigate this surfacing of previous experiences, or the force of these emotions is just too overwhelming, the surfacing of these emotions can do harm and even retraumatize.

If one is not careful, or is underprepared, emotions like fear, anxiety, or helplessness can spiral down further into negative territory. 

The risks inherent in psychedelic use highlight the importance of responsible use and the significance of preparation. And for those with unresolved trauma, some form of professional guidance should be a consideration.

The Importance of Preparation

The significance of preparation isn’t to be underestimated when it comes to avoiding harm, and setting up meaningful and positive transformative experiences.

Internal preparation involves setting clear intentions, addressing personal objectives, and processing emotional baggage, facilitated by practices like meditation and self-reflection. 

Crafting a physical space that promotes comfort, safety, and tranquility is also key. Whether it’s selecting a calming physical space, adorning it with meaningful objects, or ensuring the presence of empathetic companions, the setting for a journey should facilitate a more positive and enriching experience.

Equipping oneself with knowledge about the chosen psychedelic substance empowers individuals with agency and minimizes unexpected challenges.

Engaging with experienced guides or mental health professionals can further enrich the preparation as these individuals can offer invaluable insights and coping strategies.

In essence, preparation is a deliberate act of respect and intention. It acknowledges the potency of psychedelics and aims to create an environment that minimizes the potential for harm, and maximises the potential for positive transformation.

Seeking Professional Guidance

The guidance of experienced professionals can be hugely helpful when navigating the complexities of difficult experiences. They may help before the experience, offering support through the preparations discussed above.

Then, during the session, the expertise and support of a tripsitter, therapist, or knowledgeable practitioner can be the key to unlocking a safer journey. The ability to move through the peak and anxiety of the psilocybin journey is an important factor for a successful therapeutic session and trained professionals can offer a compassionate and nonjudgmental presence. This can be especially valuable during the emotional waves of a psychedelic trip. Guides can provide reassurance, a grounded perspective, and practical coping strategies. This guidance can allow individuals to traverse unfamiliar emotional landscapes with a sense of security. This support can transform a potentially overwhelming encounter into an opportunity for self-discovery.

For those grappling with past traumas, unresolved psychological wounds, or complex emotional issues, professional guidance should be high on the list of considerations.

Therapists versed in psychedelic-assisted therapy can help individuals unravel and understand difficult emotions, work through retraumatization and facilitate a path toward healing.

Beyond the session, professional support may extend beyond the trip itself and into the integration phase that follows. Some form of interpersonal support has been shown to be one of the most helpful strategies in the aftermath of challenging experiences by the Challenging Psychedelic Experiences project. If you are suffering from difficulties, remember that seeking the support of professionals is not a sign of weakness. 

If you or someone you know is seeking support, check out another article on our blog: How To Find Support for Integrating Psychedelic Experiences.

Factors Influencing Bad Trips

There are both internal and external factors which can influence bad trips. And it’s important for any budding psychonaut to be aware of these factors…


The environment in which a psychedelic experience takes place can significantly influence its trajectory. An unfamiliar or uncomfortable setting can sow the seeds of unease. This can potentially lead to heightened anxiety or paranoia. Conversely, a carefully curated environment that nurtures a sense of safety and comfort can create a supportive backdrop for exploration.

Company and Companionship

The presence of companions and/or tripsitters can play a pivotal role in shaping the journey’s course. Supportive and understanding individuals can provide a sense of security, offering reassurance during moments of uncertainty. Conversely, a lack of empathy or a dismissive attitude from those around can amplify feelings of distress, steering the experience into darker territories.

Set, or Mindset

A person’s mental and emotional state prior to embarking on a psychedelic journey can have a big influence on the direction of the trip. Heightened stress, unresolved emotional conflicts, or pre-existing mental health conditions can magnify the intensity of a bad trip. It’s crucial to approach psychedelics with care, especially when dealing with emotional baggage that might resurface during the experience.

Knowledge (or lack of)

Sometimes, exploring uncharted territories can lead to unexpected challenges. A lack of familiarity with the substance, inadequate knowledge of its effects, or unrealistic expectations can set the stage for a disorienting or distressing encounter. Proper education, research, and understanding can empower individuals to approach psychedelics with a balanced perspective. A wikipedia for psychedelics, Psychonautwiki is a great place to learn more about different substances.

Psychedelics’ Power and Unpredictable Nature

Psychedelic experiences can be highly unpredictable. Often, attempts to control or direct them are futile. What begins as a journey toward insight and growth can quickly take a turn into difficult emotional terrain. If one is unprepared for this, it can come as quite a shock and be very difficult to mindfully navigate. Acknowledging the potential for both light and shadow within these experiences allows us to navigate their complexities with greater resilience and humility.

Understanding these factors that contribute to bad trips is not about fostering fear. It is about empowering individuals to approach their journeys with awareness and intention. By cultivating a supportive environment, surrounding oneself with the right companions, and addressing personal emotions, we can chart a course that is more likely to lead to growth, insight, and a deeper understanding of the self.

Final Thoughts

While growth is a common outcome, not every psychedelic journey unfolds as a positive transformation. It is possible for explorers to have negative experiences which actually harm rather than help them. This is important to remember when we discuss psychedelic experiences. And especially when hear the phrase:

There is no such thing as a bad trip.

The risks of such an experience can be minimised through. With careful preparation, care, and an understanding of psychedelics and their range of possible experiences, we can not only reduce harm, but also massively increase the potential for those positive and insightful experiences that we explorers are after.

Stay safe, journey well.

John Robertson | Community Blogger at Chemical Collective | mapsofthemind.com

John is one of our community bloggers here at Chemical Collective. If you’re interested in joining our blogging team and getting paid to write about subjects you’re passionate about, please reach out to David via email at blog@chemical-collective.com

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7 months ago

Tbh lately i realized that bad trips aren’t actually that bad. At the end of the day im happy that i had it because it showed me things i couldn’t see about myself and everything around me. I once had hard bad trip which wasn’t any good. It was literally after 15h of taking it, i was at bed ready for sleeping. I just couldn’t stop thinking, my voice in my head was driving me crazy. I wanted to die but then i noticed i had sleep pills, i took them and they worked. After i woke up and realized what happened i was in shock. Till this day Im scared of this everytime im going to trip. On acid you always need to be careful. It’s really wild and unpredictable what can happen.

8 months ago

thank you, interesting read and nicely written

9 months ago

bad trips – bad because your thoughts bad you know

10 months ago

Had a discussion with a friend about this topic yesterday. This post fits perfectly and is very informative. Thanks for that!

10 months ago

very interesting blog post 🙂 i am glad i read it

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